However, American medical physicist Joanna Harper, a transgender athlete who gave evidence to CAS in the Chand case, believes that there is ultimately no fair outcome available here, just a lesser evil.
“Who are you trying to be fair to?” she told Sports Illustratedlast week. “Are you trying to be fair to billions of potential female athletes? Or are you trying to be fair to a very small minority of people who live a truly marginalised existence?
“It’s difficult. In my opinion, the least unfair solution is that if you want to be a female athlete, the key is testosterone. If your testosterone is below certain levels, we’re going to let you compete. As a female.”